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David A. Spiller

Division of Biological Sciences, Section of Evolution and Ecology,

One Shields Avenue, University of California, Davis, CA 95616-8755

daspiller@ucdavis.edu, phone (530) 752-1925; fax (530) 752-1449

 

Education

            Ph. D.  Zoology.  University of California, Davis.  1985.

                        Advisor:  Thomas W. Schoener

            M. A.  Biology.  University of California, Santa Barbara.  1980.

                        Advisor:  Joseph H. Connell

            B. A.  Zoology.  University of California, Santa Barbara.  1977.

                        Highest Honors

 

Research Positions

          Project Scientist. University of California, Davis.  2009-Present

          Specialist.  University of California, Davis.  2000-2009.

          Associate Specialist.  University of California, Davis.  1993-2000.

            Assistant Specialist.  University of California, Davis.  1990-93.

            Postgraduate Researcher.  University of California, Davis.  1985-90.

            Research Assistant.  University of California, Davis.  1984-85.

            Technician.  University of California, Santa Barbara.  1977-1979.

 

Teaching Positions

            Lecturer.  University of California, Davis.  1986-89, 1997, 2003-present.

Courses:  Introduction to Ecology, Introduction to Evolution, General Zoology, Topics in Population Biology.

            Teaching Assistant.  University of California, Davis.  1980-85.

                        Courses:  Introduction to Ecology, Invertebrate Zoology, General Zoology,

                        Introduction to Biological Sciences.

            Teaching Assistant.  University of California, Santa Barbara.  1979-80.

                        Course:  Biology of Terrestrial Arthropods.

 

Grants

Active:

National Science Foundation. PIs: Thomas Schoener, Jonathan Losos and Co-PI: David Spiller, Collaborative Research: Species Diversity and Abundance in Insular Systems. DEB-0444763, 2004-2008, $440,000.

Expired:

National Science Foundation. PI: David Spiller. Co-PI: Thomas Schoener. Impact of Marine Subsidies on Island Food Webs. DEB-0516431, 2005-2009, $320,000.

National Science Foundation. PIs: Jonathan Losos and David Spiller. Collaborative Research: Redevelopment of Insular Communities Following a Catastrophic Hurricane. DEB-9904121, 1999-2004, $300,000.

National Science Foundation. PI: Thomas Schoener. Co-PI: David Spiller. Species Diversity and Abundance in Insular Systems. DEB-9981912, 1999-2004, $375,000.

National Science Foundation. PI: Thomas Schoener. Co-PI: David Spiller. Species Diversity and Abundance in Insular Systems. DEB-9615151, 1996-1999, $350,060.

National Science Foundation. PI: Jonathan Losos. Co-PI: David A. Spiller. Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences of Interspecific Competition: An Experimental Analysis with Anolis Lizards. DEB-9407202, 1994-1999, $203,193.

National Science Foundation. PI: Thomas Schoener. Co-PI: David Spiller. Species Diversity and Abundance in Insular Systems. DEB-9317502, 1993-1996, $360,000.

National Science Foundation. PI: Thomas Schoener. Co-PI: David Spiller. Species Diversity and Abundance in Insular Systems. BSR90-20052, 1990-1993, $391,930.

National Science Foundation. PI: Thomas Schoener. Co-PI: David Spiller. Species Diversity and Abundance in Insular Systems. BSR87-18109, 1987-1990, $330,907.

National Science Foundation. PI: Thomas Schoener. Co-PI: David Spiller. Species Diversity and Abundance in Insular Systems. BSR84-15764, 1984-1987, $276,857.

Jastro-Shields Graduate Student Research Grants 1982-83, 1983-84.

            UC Davis Graduate Student Research Grants 1981-82, 1982-83, 1983-84.

 

Publications

 

1.       Spiller, D. A. 1984.  Competition between two spider species: an experimental field study.  Ecology 65:909-919.

 

2.         Spiller, D. A. 1984.  Seasonal reversal of competitive advantage between two spider species.  Oecologia 64:322-331.

 

3.         Spiller, D. A. 1986.  Consumptive competition coefficients: an experimental analysis with spiders.  American Naturalist 127:604-614.

 

4.         Spiller, D. A. 1986.  Interspecific competition between spiders and its relevance to biological control by general predators.  Environmental Entomology 15:177-181.

 

5.         Schoener, T. W. and D. A. Spiller. 1987.  The effect of lizards on spider populations: manipulative reconstruction of a natural experiment.  Science 236:949-952.

 

6.         Schoener, T. W. and D. A. Spiller. 1987.  High population persistence in a system with high turnover.  Nature 330:474-477.

 

7.         Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 1988.  An experimental study of the effect of lizards on web-spider communities.  Ecological Monographs 58:57-77.

 

8.         Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 1989.  The effect of a major predator on grouping of an orb-weaving spider.  Journal of Animal Ecology 58:509-523.

 

9.         Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 1990.  Lizards reduce food consumption by spiders: mechanisms and consequences.  Oecologia 83:150-161.

 

10.       Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 1990.  A terrestrial field experiment showing the impact of eliminating top predators on foliage damage.  Nature 347:469-472.

 

11.       Schoener, T. W. and D. A. Spiller. 1992.  Is extinction rate related to temporal variability in population size? an empirical answer for orb spiders.  American Naturalist 139:1176-1207.

 

12.       Spiller, D. A. 1992.  Relationship between prey consumption and colony size in an orb spider.  Oecologia 90:457-466.

 

13.       Schoener, T. W. and D. A. Spiller. 1992.  Stabilimentum characteristics in the spider Argiope argentata on small islands: support of the predator-defense hypothesis.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 31:309-318.

 

14.       Spiller, D. A. 1992.  Numerical response to prey abundance by Zygiella x-notata (Araneae, Araneidae). Journal of Arachnology 20:179-188.

 

15.       Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 1994.  Effects of top and intermediate predators in a terrestrial food web.  Ecology 75:182-196.

 

16.       Schoener, T. W. and D. A. Spiller. 1995.  Effect of predators and area on invasion: an experiment with island spiders.  Science 267:1811-1813.

 

17.       Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 1995.  Long-term variation in effect of lizards on spider density is linked to rainfall.  Oecologia 103:133-139.

 

18.       Schoener, T. W., D. A. Spiller and L. W. Morrison. 1995.  Variation in the hymenopteran parasitoid fraction on Bahamian islands. Acta Oecologica 16:103-121.

 

19.       Abrams, P. A., B. A. Menge, G. G. Mittelbach, D. A. Spiller and P. Yodzis.  1996.  The role of indirect effects in food webs.  pp. 371-395, in: Polis, G. A. and K. Winemiller (eds.) Food webs: integration of pattern and dynamics. Chapman and Hall, New York.

 

20.       Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener.  1996.  Food-web dynamics on some small subtropical islands: effects of top and intermediate predators.  pp. 160-169, in: Polis, G. A. and K. Winemiller (eds.) Food webs: integration of pattern and dynamics. Chapman and Hall, New York.

 

21.       Schoener, T. W. and D. A. Spiller. 1996.  Devastation of prey diversity by experimentally introduced predators in the field.  Nature 381:691-694.

 

22.       Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 1997.  Folivory on islands with and without insectivorous lizards: an eight-year study.  Oikos 78:15-22.

 

23.       Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 1998.  Lizards reduced spider species richness by excluding rare species. Ecology 79:503-516.

 

24.       Spiller, D. A., J. B. Losos and T. W. Schoener. 1998.  Impact of a catastrophic hurricane on island populations. Science 281:695-697.

 

25.       Spiller, D. A. 1998. Colonial orb spiders in the Bahamas. Bahamas Naturalist 9:17-21.

 

26.              Losos, J. B. and D. A. Spiller. 1999.  Differential colonization success and asymmetrical interspecific interactions in two lizard species. Ecology 80:252-258.

 

27.              Schoener, T. W. and D. A. Spiller. 1999.  Variation in the magnitude of a predator's effect from small to large islands.  Pages 35-66 in Monografies de la Societat d'Història Natural de les Balears 6: Ecologia de les illes.

 

28.       Schoener, T. W. and D. A. Spiller. 1999.  Indirect effects in an experimentally staged invasion by a major predator. American Naturalist 153:347-358.

 

29.              Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 2001.  An experimental test for predator-mediated interactions among spider species. Ecology 82:1560-1570.

 

30.              Schoener, T. W., D. A. Spiller and J. B. Losos. 2001.  Predators increase the risk of catastrophic extinction of prey populations. Nature 412:183-186.

 

31.              Schoener, T. W., D. A. Spiller and J. B. Losos. 2001.  Natural restoration of the species-area relation for a lizard after a hurricane. Science 294:1525-1528.

 

32.              Schoener, T. W., D. A. Spiller and J. B. Losos. 2002. Predation on a common Anolis lizard: Can the food-web effects of a devastating predator be reversed? Ecological Monographs. 72:383-407.

 

33.              Schoener T. W. and D. A. Spiller. 2003. Effects of removing a vertebrate vs invertebrate predator on a food web, and what is their relative importance? in Levin, S. A and P. Kareiva, eds., The importance of species.  Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.

 

34.              Spiller, D. A. and A. Agrawal. 2003. Intense disturbance enhances plant susceptibility to herbivory: natural and experimental evidence. Ecology 84:890-897.

 

35.              Losos, J. B. T. W. Schoener and D. A. Spiller. 2003. Effect of immersion in seawater on egg survival in the lizard Anolis sagrei. Oecologia 137:360-362.

 

36.              Schoener, T. W., Clobert, J, Legendre, S. Spiller, D. A. 2003. Life-history models of extinction: a test with island spiders. American Naturalist 163:558-573.

 

37.              Schoener, T. W., D. A. Spiller and J. B. Losos. 2004. Variable ecological effects of hurricanes: the importance of seasonal timing for survival of lizards on Bahamian islands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101:177-181.

 

38.              Agrawal, A. A. and D. A. Spiller. 2004. Polymorphic buttonwood: effects of disturbance on resistance to herbivores in green and silver morphs of a Bahamian shrub. American Journal of Botany 91:1990-1997.

 

39.              Losos, J. B. T. W. Schoener and D. A. Spiller. 2004. Predator-induced behaviour shifts and natural selection in field experimental lizard populations. Nature 432:505-508.

 

40.              Losos, J.B., and D.A. Spiller. 2005. Natural History Notes. Anolis smaragdinus (Bahamian green anole). Dispersal. Herpetological Review 36:315-316.

 

41.              Schoener, T. W., J. B. Losos and D. A. Spiller. 2005. Island biogeography of populations: an introduced species transforms survival patterns. Science 310: 1807-1809.

 

42.              Morrison, L. W. and D. A. Spiller. 2006. Land hermit crab (Coenobita clypeatus) densities and patterns of gastropod shell use on small Bahamian islands. Journal of Biogeography 33: 314-322.

 

43.              Schoener T. W. and D. A. Spiller. 2006. Nonsynchronous recovery of community characteristics in island spiders following a catastrophic hurricane. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103:2220-2225.

 

44.              Losos, J. B. T. W. Schoener and D. A. Spiller. 2006. Rapid temporal reversal in predator-driven natural selection. Science 314:1111.

 

45.              Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 2007. Alteration of island food-web dynamics following major disturbance by hurricanes. Ecology 88:37-41.

 

46.              Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 2008. Climatic control of trophic intereaction strength: the effect of lizards on spiders. Oecologia 154:763-771.

 

47.              Morrison, L. W. and D. A. Spiller. 2008. Patterns and processes in insular floras affected by hurricanes. Journal of Biogeography 35:1701-1710.

 

48.              Legendre, S., T. W. Schoener, J. Colbert and D. A. Spiller. 2008. How is extinction risk related to population-size variability over time? A family of models for species with repeated extinction and immigration. American Naturalist 172:282-298.

 

49.              Takimoto, G., D. A. Spiller and D. M. Post. 2008. Ecosystem size, but not disturbance, determines food-chain length on islands of the Bahamas. Ecology 89:3001-3007.

 

50.              Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 2009. Species-Area. in R. Gillespie and D. Clague, eds. Encyclopedia of Islands. University of California Press

 

51.              Spiller, D. A., J Piovia-Scott, A. N. Wright  L. H. Yang, G. Takimoto, T. W. Schoener and T. Iwata. 2010. Marine subsidies have multiple effects on coastal food webs. Ecology

 

Symposia and Conferences

 

Spiller, D. A. 1986. Effects of vertebrates on arthropod communities.  In: Impact of Introduced Natural Enemies on Arthropods.  Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Reno, CA, USA.

 

Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 1989.  Effect of removal of top consumers on a subtropical food web.  In: Community Responses to Elimination of Top Predators.  Annual Meeting of the Society for Conservation Biology, Toronto, Canada.

 

Spiller, D. A. 1990.  Metapopulation structure and dynamics of orb spiders.  In: Ecology of Spiders.  Annual Meeting of the Japanese Arachnological Society, Hakone, Japan.

 

Spiller, D. A. 1990.  Effects of competition and predation on orb spiders.  In: Interspecific Competition and Resource Utilization in Arthropod Communities.  V International Congress of Ecology, Yokohama, Japan.

 

Spiller, D. A. 1991.  Interspecific competition between spiders and its relevance to biological control by general predators.  In: Ecology of Spiders.  Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Reno, CA, USA.

 

Spiller, D. A. 1992.  Ontogenetic niche shifts in Metepeira grinnelli. In: Ecology of Spiders.  Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Baltimore Maryland, USA.

 

Spiller, D. A. and T. W. Schoener. 1993.  Food-web dynamics on some small subtropical islands: effects of top and intermediate predators.  In: Food Webs: Integration of Pattern and Dynamics.  Pingree Park, Colorado, USA.

 

Spiller, D. A. 1999.  Impact of a catastrophic hurricane on island populations.  In: Anolis Symposium.  Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, State College, PA.

 

Spiller, D. A. 2002. Impact of hurricanes on island communities in the Bahamas. In: Islands In The Storm: Biodiversity, Natural Disturbance And Conservation In The Caribbean.  Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology, Panama.

 

Spiller, D. A. 2003. Analysis of marine subsidies and trophic structure in island food webs.  In: Stable Isotopic Analysis in Basic and Applied Entomology.  Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America.

 

 

Professional Service

 

          Subject Editor: Ecological Society of America (2001-present).

 

            Panelist: National Science Foundation, Division of Environmental Sciences (1995, 2006).

 

Reviewer: The American Naturalist, Biotropica, Ecology, Ecology Letters, Environmental Entomology, Global Change Biology, Journal of Arachnology, Journal of Entomological Science, Journal of Ethnobiology, Journal of Herpetology, Oecologia, Oikos, National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation, Science, United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation.

 

Memberships

 

American Society of Naturalists, Ecological Society of America.

 

References

 

Dr. Joseph H. Connell, Department of Biological Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA  93106

 

Dr. Jonathan B. Losos, Museum of Comparative Zoology and Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, 26 Oxford St., Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138

 

Dr. Thomas W. Schoener, Section of Evolution and Ecology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA  95616-8755

 

Dr. Catherine A. Toft, Section of Evolution and Ecology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA  95616-8755

 

Dr. David H. Wise, Department of Biological Sciences and Institute for Environmental Science and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845W. Taylor Street, MC 066, Chicago, IL 60607-7060